In this career guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know about embryology as a career, from roles and responsibilities, to work environment and roadmap to becoming an Embryologist.

Who's a Embryologist?

Are you interested in studying human biology? Want to use science to help people live happier lives? If so, consider a career in embryology!

As an embryologist, you will help couples unable to conceive to do so. Embryology is the branch of biology that studies the fertilisation and development of embryos – eggs. You would help create embryos outside the womb.

For instance, you will obtain an oocyte – an undeveloped egg from a female and make sure it receives the healthiest of sperms to ensure greater chances of fertilisation. If this is something that interests you, read on to know more about this career.

What will you do?

Determining fertility levels.

You will have to conduct tests and analyse their results to determine the fertility of the patients you come to you.

Example: Couples who are trying to conceive, will come to you to check their fertility level. You will perform hormone testing for both male and female partner and various other tests.

Collecting samples.

You will collect samples of seminal fluid to observe and extract the sperm and eggs.

Example: Patients wanting to conceive through IVF will submit samples. You will collect these samples and find the most fertile and healthiest eggs and sperm for conception.

Testing embryos and tissues.

You will have to test embryos to test whether they have any problems with their chromosomes. Example: you will conduct pre-IVF screening tests to check for abnormalities before you implant the cells to maximise the likelihood of a successful pregnancy.

Monitoring the development of the embryo.

You will keep a constant check on the development of the embryo to ensure that it is growing well.

Example: One way that you will monitor the development of the embryo is by checking the ph levels of the media it is growing in and maintaining an ideal temperature in the room.

Using new technology.

You must keep yourself up-to-date with the latest technology used in the fertilisation process to ensure that you can effectively solve infertility problems.

Example: AI is slowly being integrated into the field of embryology. These machines will be able to identify healthy eggs and sperm.

Take the Mentoria career assessment test, to find out how well-suited you are as an Embryologist.

Where would you work?


You could work at hospitals with fertility clinics, or work with the hospital’s pathology department.

Research Facility

You could also be hired at a research facility to work on new ways to go about fertility and understand infertility problems better.

IVF Clinic

You will most probably work out of fertility clinics. Here, you will test embryos and tissues and monitor their development.

How do you become a Embryologist?

This stream won’t help you make an entry into this field.

This stream won’t help you make an entry into this field.

STEP 1: Class XI-XII/Junior College

Opt for science in junior college and choose a combination of physics, chemistry and biology as your subjects. A minimum percentage of 60% is required for this field.

STEP 2: Graduate Degree

Pursue a three-year Bachelor of Science in Biology from colleges like Ruia’s college (Mumbai), Hansraj College (Delhi), Loyola College (Chennai), etc. Make sure to score at least 55% to pursue a master’s degree

STEP 3: Postgraduate Degree

Opt for a two-year MSc in Embryology from colleges like Manipal University.

Alternatively, you can pursue a master’s degree in any life sciences like Biology and then pursue a PG diploma in Clincal Embryology and Assisted Reproductive Technique or a PG Diploma in embryology from institutes like Bangalore University. You can go on to pursue a PhD in the field as well.

STEP 4: Internship

Intern with a good research centre or fertility clinic before you become a full-fledged embryologist. This will help add value to your resume and in turn, help you secure a job.

STEP 5: Land a Job

Once you have completed your internship and your education, you can start working as an embryologist trainee. Congratulations, you are now officially an Embryologist!

Thinking of a career as a Embryologist? Take the Mentoria assessment test & talk to our career counsellors to get personalized step-by-step guidance for your future career path.

What skills would you need?

Technical Skills

Technical Skills

You will be frequently using accounting software and other financial tools as many CAs need to work with technology to analyse data and prepare financial reports. build this skill
Scientific Skills

Scientific Skills

A logical mind can reason well, and reasoning before reaching any conclusions is very important in any scientific field. You must, therefore, have a scientific bent of mind along with an interest in life sciences.

build this skill


You need to perform research on the eggs, sperms and embryos you obtain from the patient. This will involve some long hours of research.

build this skill
Communication Skills

Communication Skills

Communication and interpersonal skills are very important while dealing with patients. You will have to guide certain people about a procedure or treatment. You may need to provide them with some serious information about their fertility and treatment progress. Hence these issues would need to be handled sensitively.

build this skill
Problem-solving Skills

Problem-solving Skills

Patients will be coming to you with different issues with fertility. You must be able to assess their problem, analyse the reason and work on coming up with a solution.

build this skill
Attention to Detail

Attention to Detail

Working with eggs and embryos is a very tedious task. Every little detail matters when you are observing them. If you are good at giving attention to detail, then your job at the laboratory will be made much easier.

build this skill

How do you make it to the top ranks?

  • promotion-1
  • promotion-3
  • promotion-7


At the most basic stage in embryology, you assist senior embryologists at work and maintain regular records of the development and observations that occur in the laboratory.

Lab Technician

As you move up the ladder, you are actively involved in determining the fertility level of patients and collecting the eggs and sperms for observation and processing by the senior embryologist.

Clinical Embryologist

At this stage, you begin testing the embryos and tissues and note down in case of any concerns. You also monitor the development of the embryo and use technology to help solve the issue of infertility.

Pursuing your career locally VS overseas

Embryology is a relatively new field in India. Thus, there is a high demand for skilled professionals in the country, especially at fertility clinics that employ embryologists at a large scale. Aspirants can pursue a Bachelor of Science in Biology or Biomedical Science, followed by a Master’s degree. The fees for graduation may range from INR 90,000 – INR 3,00,000 while a post-graduation may cost up to INR 3,00,000. Embryologists also choose to pursue a PhD to increase their chances of employability in top hospitals and fertility clinics. Some of the best colleges to pursue embryology studies in India are Maharaja Singh College in UP, Munshi Singh College in Bihar, Maharaja Srichandra College in Kolkata, Institute of Clinical Research India and Apheta Institute of Clinical Research in Delhi, Clino Vision Institute for Clinical Research in Nagpur, and Kasturba Medical College in Manipal.

Embryologists and other medical students have great opportunities abroad, especially in the Middle Eastern countries. To pursue embryology as a career abroad, you require a significant amount of formal education. A bachelor’s degree takes four to five years followed by a master’s degree that takes an additional two years of study and a PhD goes on for another three years. Most aspirants prefer to earn an MD or a PhD degree after their master’s to increase their chances of employability. Students pursuing a medical doctorate also need to complete residency and internship programmes affiliated with their courses. Even then, only 8% of medical students become professional embryologists while others pursue careers as fertility researchers, professors and andrologists. The cost for a degree in embryology can range from INR 30,00,000 – INR 40,00,000 in universities in Hertfordshire, Kingston, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Copenhagen, and go up to INR 50,00,000 – INR 60,00,000 in universities like Case Western Reserve University in Ohio, University of Nottingham, and University of British Columbia.

How much would you get paid?

The exact number will depend on where you’re working, your education, skill-set and internship experience. But we can give you a general idea.

What are your career options?

Biomedical Science

Much like embryologists, biomedical scientists understand and further develop their knowledge on the main principles of how the human body works. With the information you collect, you will work to find new ways to cure or treat diseases by developing advanced diagnostic tools or new therapeutic strategies. You could also say that embryology is a part of biomedical science.


Andrology is the branch of medicine concerned with men’s health. An andrologist is a medical practitioner who deals with diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the male reproductive and urology organs like fertility and sexual problems. You would recommend couples to an embryologist if the male and female are unable to conceive a baby.


A gynaecologist is the female equivalent of an andrologist and one of the most demanding careers in the field of medicine. You will treat patients with female reproductive organs, mainly providing medical care related to pregnancy or childbirth. You will also diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases affecting the reproductive system of females.


Careers in genetics and genomics are one of the quickest growing areas of biomedical science. Professionals in this field supervise the work of geneticists, biologists, technicians, or biometricians working on genetics research projects to revolutionise the world. You will combine genetics and bioinformatics to understand how various genomic changes can cause life-threatening diseases and enable the development of new treatments to prevent them.

Sign Up for Mentoria – India’s Most Reliable Career Discovery Platform



Think you know everything there is to know about this career?

Take the quiz to test your knowledge and find out how #CareerReady you are!


1. What is embryology?

2. Which of these is NOT a responsibility of an embryologist?

3. Which of these environments is a embryologist NOT required to work in?

4. Which of these functional skills is an absolute must-have for embryologists?

5. Which of these soft skills is required to be an embryologist?

6. What kind of work does a trainee embryologist do?

7. Which of these streams will help you become an embryologist?

8. What course is the closest to studying embryology?

9. Approximately how much does a junior embryologist earn?

10. What does an andrologist do?


You got 1out of10right!

Looks like someone’s going to need a little extra reading on the side to become #CareerReady! Go on, start reading - the information is right here, waiting for you!

Retake Quiz
Explore Careers

You’ve only scratched the surface.

Unlock the full Mentoria Solution to get helpful updates on your chosen industry!