From Graduation To Specialisation: Crafting Your Dental Career

Manavi Agarwal

Last Updated: September 22, 2023
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Let’s say you’ve just earned your Bachelor’s degree in Dentistry, and you’re at the doorstep of an exciting career. After years of studying molars, incisors, and canines, you’re ready to sink your teeth into a specialised field that truly speaks to your passion. But which path should you choose? What options await you in the ever-smiling realm of dentistry? Let’s dive into the world of careers and specialisations after your Bachelor’s in Dentistry and explore the many doors this degree can open. Get ready to take a big bite out of your future!

Dental Career Options


The General Dentist: Your Starting Point

As a freshly-minted dentist, your first step might be working as a general dentist. Think of this as your dental apprenticeship where you’ll gain hands-on experience in various aspects of dentistry:

  • Dental Check-ups and Cleanings: You’ll perform routine check-ups and cleanings to maintain patients’ oral health.
  • Fillings and Extractions: Treating cavities and extracting damaged teeth will become your daily routine.
  • Dental Restorations: You’ll learn to create crowns, bridges, and dentures to restore patients’ smiles.
  • Oral Health Education: Part of your role will be educating patients on proper oral hygiene practices.

Working as a general dentist is an excellent way to hone your skills while deciding on a specialisation.

Orthodontics: Straightening Smiles

If you’re interested in creating beautiful, straight smiles, orthodontics might be your calling. As an orthodontist, you’ll:

  • Diagnose Bite and Alignment Issues: Identify and correct misalignments, overbites, and underbites.
  • Braces and Aligners: Utilise braces or clear aligners like Invisalign to reposition teeth.
  • Jaw Correction: In some cases, you’ll work on jaw alignment and bite issues.

Orthodontics is a rewarding field where you get to witness the transformation of your patients’ smiles over time.

Periodontics: Keeping Gums Healthy

For those interested in gum health and preventing periodontal diseases, a specialisation in periodontics could be your path. As a periodontist, you’ll:

  • Treating Gum Diseases: Diagnose and treat gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Gum Surgeries: Perform surgeries such as gum grafts or pocket reduction procedures.
  • Dental Implants: Specialise in placing dental implants to replace missing teeth.

Periodontics is crucial for maintaining overall oral health and preventing severe dental problems.

Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery: The Surgical Path

If you have a penchant for surgery and enjoy a high-pressure environment, consider becoming an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. In this specialisation, you’ll:

  • Extraction and Oral Surgery: Perform complex extractions, including impacted wisdom teeth removal.
  • Facial Trauma: Treat facial injuries resulting from accidents or other emergencies.
  • Cleft Lip and Palate Repair: Work with patients born with congenital conditions, improving their quality of life.

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons play a vital role in both dentistry and healthcare, making it a challenging yet rewarding field.

Endodontics: The Tooth Saviors


If you love the idea of saving teeth from extraction, endodontics might be your niche. Endodontists specialise in:

  • Root Canal Treatments: Diagnosing and performing root canal procedures to save damaged or infected teeth.
  • Tooth Pain Management: Addressing severe toothaches and dental emergencies.
  • Microsurgery: In some cases, you might perform microsurgeries to save a tooth.

Endodontics allows you to be the hero who rescues teeth from the brink of despair.

Paediatric Dentistry: Working With Little Smiles

If you adore working with children and want to make dental visits less scary, consider specialising in paediatric dentistry. As a paediatric dentist, you’ll:

  • Child-Friendly Environment: Create a welcoming atmosphere for young patients.
  • Preventive Care: Focus on preventive treatments and education to instil good oral habits from a young age.
  • Behaviour Management: Develop techniques to calm nervous or anxious children during treatments.

Helping children maintain healthy smiles can be incredibly fulfilling.

Prosthodontics: The Smile Architects

Prosthodontics is all about crafting and restoring beautiful smiles. As a prosthodontist, your duties include:

  • Dental Prosthetics: Design and create dental prosthetics like crowns, bridges, and dentures.
  • Complex Restorations: Handle cases involving extensive dental restoration.
  • Cosmetic Dentistry: Enhance smiles with cosmetic procedures like veneers.

Prosthodontists are essentially the architects of stunning smiles.

Public Health Dentistry: Community Wellness

For those with a passion for community health and prevention, a career in public health dentistry is a fulfilling choice. You’ll:

  • Community Education: Raise awareness about oral health and hygiene in local communities.
  • Policy Development: Contribute to the development of dental health policies and programs.
  • Preventive Care: Work on initiatives to promote preventive care and reduce oral health disparities.

Public health dentistry allows you to make a broader impact on society’s well-being.

Dental Research And Academia: Shaping Future Dentists

If you’re driven by curiosity and love sharing knowledge, a career in dental research or academia might be your niche. As a dental researcher or educator, you’ll:

  • Conduct Research: Explore new dental techniques, materials, and technologies.
  • Teach Future Dentists: Educate the next generation of dental professionals.
  • Publish Findings: Share your research findings with the dental community.

This path allows you to shape the future of dentistry and inspire budding dental enthusiasts.

Dental Public Health: Advocating For Better Oral Health

Dental public health specialists work at the intersection of dentistry and public health to promote oral health on a larger scale. Here’s what you’d do:

  • Oral Health Policy: Help develop and implement oral health policies at the community and national levels.
  • Research and Analysis: Conduct studies to understand oral health trends and challenges.
  • Community Outreach: Organise oral health programs and initiatives to improve access to dental care.

This specialisation is ideal if you’re passionate about advocacy and making a difference in public health. 

In India, the field of dentistry is witnessing a remarkable surge in demand. With an increasing awareness of oral health and aesthetics, the need for skilled dentists is on the rise. In fact, India’s dental care market was valued at $653 Mn in 2022 and is estimated to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.40%. This growth is attributed to factors such as a larger ageing population, greater disposable income, and a heightened emphasis on preventive dental care. As the demand for quality dental services soars, it opens up a world of opportunities for newly graduated dentists. From private practices to corporate dental clinics and even research and teaching positions in dental colleges, the avenues are diverse and promising. 

Mentoria’s Guidance After Graduation


A Bachelor’s in Dentistry opens up a world of opportunities in the field of oral healthcare. Whether you choose to specialise in areas like orthodontics, oral surgery, or paediatric dentistry, the path you take after your undergraduate studies can lead to a rewarding and impactful career.

Mentoria, with its expert career counselling services, can be your trusted companion on this journey. Our team of experienced counsellors understands the nuances of the dental profession and can provide tailored guidance to help you make informed decisions about your specialisation and career path. From exploring different specialisations to preparing for postgraduate entrance exams and honing your clinical skills, Mentoria is here to support your aspirations.