Build a Career in Business Economics


Last Updated: November 5, 2022
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Are you good with numbers and into books like Freakonomics? Then you’re right where you should be! If you’re still wondering what we’re talking about, it’s Economics!

In its broadest sense, Economics is the study of the elements and processes that make up a given market or economy, such as supply and demand and the impact of the principle of scarcity.

Consumption, distribution, and production factors all play significant roles in an economy. Business economics is the study of the components and variables that make up business activities and how they interact with the overall economy. 

Let’s see what scope business economics has in store for us!. 


What is Business Economics?

Business economics is an area of applied economics that focuses on the problems that businesses have with money, organisations, markets, and the environment. This covers topics like how and why businesses grow, the influence of entrepreneurs, how businesses interact with one another, and the function of governments in legislation.

Do you enjoy watching Shark Tank? Well, we do too! So, come learn more about business economics with us! Business economics focuses on economic principles, tactics, conventional business practices, raising capital, making money, increasing production efficiency, and overall management strategy. Business economics also studies how external economic issues, such as changes in industry regulations or unexpected changes in raw material prices, affect business decisions.

In this article, we will tell you more about the features, nature and scope of business economics:

It is a Science!

What is Science? It is merely a structured collection of knowledge that may establish a cause and effect relationship. Furthermore, decision sciences include maths, stats, and economics.

Business Economics combines these decision sciences with Economic Theory to develop plans of action that will assist companies in achieving their objectives. As a result, it adheres to scientific principles and verifies the accuracy of its findings. This reflects one characteristic of business economics.


Its Foundation is Microeconomics

We are aware of the key contrast between micro and macroeconomics. A business manager is undoubtedly more focused on attaining the goals of his own company. After all, he is able to ensure revenues and the company’s long-term viability thanks to this.

Business economics is primarily interested in how particular businesses make decisions. As a result, it is dependent on microeconomics methodologies.


It incorporates Macro Analysis Components

Despite the fact that every business prioritises profits and survival, a company cannot function in a vacuum. The firm is impacted by factors in the external economic environment, such as income and employment levels, tax laws, etc. These outside variables are all part of macroeconomics. A business manager must therefore take into account all aspects that could affect his operating environment.


It is a Form of Art!

Business economics is a form of art because it relies on the actual uses of principles and procedures to accomplish predetermined goals. Pigou, Marshall, and others claim that economics is likewise regarded as an art. In a different sense, art is the use of knowledge in a practical way to accomplish specific objectives. Science offers us the fundamental ideas of every field, but art makes these ideas a reality.


It has an Interdisciplinary Approach

Instruments from many other fields, like maths, stats, accounting, marketing, etc., are incorporated into business economics. As a result, it has an interdisciplinary approach. This Field Screams Adaptable! Due to its dynamic character, business economics has occupied every available place within an organisation. By using managerial economics’ methods and tools, you can provide useful data and assist in solving organisational problems. As a result, managerial economics is dynamic.


Let’s Get to Know the Scope of Business Economics

Now, let’s talk about the different jobs you would be doing if you take up business economics as a career. You can choose from a variety of options offered in this field! The average salary you can bag during entry-level is INR 6-10 LPA after pursuing business economics. 

Demand Analysis and Forecasting 

A business firm is a financial institution that is engaged in converting productive assets into products that are to be offered in the industry. Accurate demand projections are essential for company decision-making.

It will support management in preserving or enhancing its market dominance and revenue stream. A variety of additional elements that affect consumer demand for a product are also identified by demand analysis.


Analysis of Costs and Production

A company’s revenue is heavily influenced by its cost of production. A wise manager would generate cost estimates for a variety of output, discover the variables that affect cost estimates, and select the output level that minimises costs.

Engineers are responsible for the manufacturing processes, but the business manager is responsible for doing the production function evaluation to prevent material and time waste. Cost control is crucial for good pricing strategies.


Analysis of Profits, Risks, and Uncertainties

As we know, everything has risks and profits. Numerous variables, such as shifting market circumstances and price fluctuations, affect profits. Businesses can measure and manage profits under these circumstances with the use of profit theories. Additionally, they support the planning of future profits.

The majority of organisations deal with some risk and uncertainty. Understanding these uncertainties and threats can help businesses in developing effective plans and decision-making processes.


Investment Decisions and the Theory of Capital

A firm must, among other things, carefully consider its investment choices and wisely allocate its cash. Scientific standards for selecting investment projects are provided by a number of ideas about money and investments. These theories also aid the company in determining the capital efficiency. When a company must choose between conflicting uses of finances, business economics aids in the decision-making process.


Inventory Control

Companies can employ certain regulations to lower the costs of storing raw materials, work-in-progress, and finished items inventories. Furthermore, it’s critical to comprehend how an organisation’s profitability is impacted by its inventory rules. Therefore, to assist the firm in sustaining an ideal stock of inventories, economists utilise techniques like the ABC analysis and statistical models.


Characteristics of Businesses Economics

If you’re great with numbers and like to study economics, this is great for you! Even if you like investing in stock markets and reading up on current trends of trade and the country’s economy, you can totally go for business economics! Below are the features of business economics:

Business Economics is suitable for Future Planning

Business economics aids managers in making decisions and long-term plans on demand, sales, costs, and profits. For future projected demand, several methods of demand forecasting are used, together with operational scale and resource utilisation.


It makes managerial decisions easier.

Corporate managers benefit from the study of business economics while making a variety of decisions. In order to optimise output at the lowest possible cost, managers must decide how to combine and deploy different production components as well as the scale of production.


As you know, business economics is an applied theory.

This is an applied theory; business economics is not narrative economics. In it, different kinds of regulations are proposed, different variables are ascertained, and decisions are made concerning the relation seen between various variables. It fills the void between economic theories and practical details.


Business economics is highly co-ordinating in nature.

Since business success depends on both practical and conceptual factors, business economics creates coordination between economic theories and their practical implications. It also broadens the path to that achievement. Business economics is therefore of a coordinating nature.


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