8 Lucrative Careers In The Energy Sector You Should Consider

Komal Sharma

Last Updated: April 10, 2024
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Are you ready to make a positive impact on the planet while enjoying a fulfilling career? The energy sector has plenty of opportunities for you! From powering our homes and phones to guiding planes in the sky, energy plays a vital role in our daily lives. But beyond the traditional image of hard hats and power plants, the energy industry is a hub of innovation and sustainability.

In this article, we’ll look at some of the best jobs in the energy industry that focus on sustainability and innovation. So, whether you’re passionate about protecting the environment or intrigued by cutting-edge technology, there’s a role for you in the dynamic world of energy. Let’s dive in!

Solar Engineer

A man in a hard hat inspecting solar panels.

In the clean energy field, solar engineers design and develop products that use solar energy. They test and maintain these products and collect data to improve them. Solar engineers often work with solar panel installers, who are also in high demand. Solar engineers focus on creating and storing energy from the sun. They consult with clients, assess sites, and analyse costs before making a plan. They also make sure projects meet regulations and monitor efficiency, cost, and safety.

What Do Solar Engineers Do?

  • Design: Solar engineers create plans for solar energy systems, like solar panels, to meet specific needs.
  • Testing: They check that solar systems work correctly and meet quality standards.
  • Installation: Solar engineers oversee the setup of solar panels and other equipment.
  • Maintenance: They ensure solar systems keep working well by doing regular checks and fixes.
  • Improvement: Solar engineers find ways to make solar energy systems better and more efficient.

Salary In India 

Solar Engineer salary in India ranges between ₹0.3 Lakhs to ₹6.0 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹3.2 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 1.1k latest salaries received from Solar Engineers.


Geoscientists are important in the energy sector because they study the earth and look for sources of energy like oil, gas, and renewable energy. They spend a lot of time outdoors, studying how drilling affects the ground and finding new energy sources on land and sea.

While the industry is shifting towards renewable energy, the need for geoscientists is increasing due to climate change. They are needed to find ways to reduce its impact. Geoscientists typically have degrees in geosciences, like geology, and strong analytical skills. In the oil and gas industry, geoscientists work with engineers and geologists to explore and produce hydrocarbons. They also work in nuclear energy, from mining to waste management. Geoscientists are in high demand for their specialised knowledge in geological storage and radioactive waste disposal.

What Do Geoscientists Do?

  • Exploring Earth’s Structure: Geoscientists study the Earth’s layers and how they’ve changed over time. They use tools like seismic surveys to map underground structures.
  • Finding Energy Sources: Geoscientists search for oil, gas, and renewable energy sources. They analyse rocks and soil to locate potential energy reserves.
  • Studying Natural Hazards: Geoscientists research earthquakes, volcanoes, and landslides. They help predict and mitigate the impact of these hazards.
  • Protecting the Environment: Geoscientists assess the environmental impacts of projects like mining or construction. They recommend ways to minimise damage to the Earth’s ecosystem.

Salary In India 

Geoscientist salary in India with less than 1 year of experience to 11 years ranges from ₹2.4 Lakhs to ₹30.0 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹9.0 Lakhs based on 39 latest salaries.

Environmental Scientist

A windmill stands tall in front of a colorful field of flowers.


Environmental scientists help companies extract natural resources without harming the environment. They ensure that energy facilities and renewable installations operate safely. These scientists also work to reduce pollution and monitor pollution levels to protect the environment. They usually have a degree in engineering, bioscience, or environmental science, with strong research and analytical skills.

What Do Environmental Scientists Do?

  • Monitoring Pollution: Environmental scientists track pollution levels in air, water, and soil to understand its impact on the environment and human health.
  • Assessing Environmental Impact: They evaluate the environmental impact of proposed projects, such as building a new factory or highway, to determine how it will affect the surrounding area.
  • Developing Solutions: Environmental scientists find solutions to environmental problems, such as reducing pollution or conserving natural resources.
  • Educating the Public: They teach the public about environmental issues and ways to protect the environment through workshops, presentations, and educational materials.
  • Research: Environmental scientists conduct research to better understand the environment and develop new technologies to protect it.

Salary In India 

Environmental Scientist salary in India ranges between ₹1.6 Lakhs to ₹8.0 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹3.4 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 80 latest salaries received from Environmental Scientists.

Power Plant Operator

Power plant operators oversee the operation and upkeep of equipment that generates electricity. They monitor metres, verify voltage levels, and confirm that all components are functioning correctly. Their job offers a competitive salary because of the potential hazards involved. While formal education is not mandatory, having experience in a similar field or operating machinery can be advantageous. Operators undergo comprehensive on-the-job training and are regularly assessed to ensure they are capable of managing power plant operations safely. With the introduction of new technologies like smart grids, the role of power plant operators remains significant.

What Do Power Plant Operators Do?

  • Equipment Oversight: Power plant operators supervise the equipment responsible for generating electricity, making sure it operates properly.
  • Surveillance: They frequently inspect metres and gauges to oversee voltage levels and the flow of electricity.
  • Board Care: Operators maintain and operate control boards to oversee the power generation process.
  • Scheduled Upkeep: They perform regular maintenance on equipment to ensure it remains in optimal working order.
  • Safety Measures: Power plant operators adhere to stringent safety procedures to avoid accidents and uphold a secure work environment.

Salary In India 

Power Plant Operator salary in India ranges between ₹0.3 Lakhs to ₹24.0 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹8.3 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 209 latest salaries received from Power Plant Operators.

Industrial Engineer

Red escalator ascending to top of building, modern architecture.

Industrial engineers in the energy industry focus on optimising operations. They design systems to maximise the efficiency of workers, machines, materials, and energy. Their goal is to increase productivity while reducing resource consumption. They use their knowledge of product design, materials, and production processes to improve products and methods. They analyse product requirements and use maths models to enhance methods and product performance.

What Do Industrial Engineers Do?

  • Process Improvement: Industrial engineers analyse how things are made or done and find ways to make them better and more efficient.
  • Resource Optimisation: They work to use resources like workers, machines, materials, and energy in the most effective way possible.
  • Cost Reduction: Industrial engineers find ways to reduce costs by improving processes and minimising waste.
  • Quality Control: They ensure that products meet quality standards by designing and implementing quality control systems.
  • Problem Solving: Industrial engineers identify problems in processes and find creative solutions to solve them.

Salary In India 

Industrial Engineer salary in India ranges between ₹1.5 Lakhs to ₹8.7 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹4.4 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 4.2k latest salaries received from Industrial Engineers.

Electronics Engineer

 A man using a grinder to grind metal, creating sparks.

Electronics engineers play a crucial role in the wind power industry. They are responsible for designing, testing, and supervising the production of various electrical components used in turbines, including motors, wiring, controls, generators, and communication systems.

Their main task is to make sure that all the electronics and controls involved in power generation operate smoothly. They also act as a link between transmission system operators and design teams during the research and development phase. These engineers typically hold a bachelor’s degree in electronics engineering and possess expertise in handling intricate electronic systems.

What Do Electronics Engineers Do?

  • Creating Electronic Designs: Electronics engineers are responsible for creating detailed plans and designs for electronic components and systems that are used in various devices such as smartphones and computers.
  • Innovating Technology: Their main focus is on innovating and developing new technologies, as well as enhancing existing ones, to enhance the performance and efficiency of electronic devices.
  • Ensuring Quality and Testing: Electronics engineers are essential in the process of testing electronic components and systems to guarantee their proper functioning and adherence to quality standards.
  • Overseeing Manufacturing: They also have the responsibility of overseeing the entire manufacturing process to ensure that electronic components are produced accurately and by the design specifications.
  • Resolving Issues: Electronics engineers are skilled problem solvers who tackle and resolve any issues that may arise during the design, development, and manufacturing stages of electronic devices.

Salary In India 

Electronics Engineer salary in India ranges between ₹0.8 Lakhs to ₹9.5 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹3.8 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 5.1k latest salaries received from Electronics Engineers.

Reservoir Engineer

Reservoir engineers focus on estimating how much oil and gas can be extracted from underground reservoirs. They research and analyse to find the best methods to maximise extraction. They typically have a bachelor’s degree in engineering.

Reservoir engineers study the forces that affect the movement of oil and gas in rock formations to determine the best ways to extract them efficiently. This helps predict how reservoirs will perform. They make a lot of money because their job demands excellent analytical and problem-solving abilities, effective communication, and a knack for handling pressure.

What Do Reservoir Engineers Do?

  • Estimation: Reservoir engineers make calculations to determine the potential amount of oil and gas that can be extracted from underground deposits.
  • Research: They conduct thorough investigations and explore various techniques to optimise the extraction of oil or gas from reservoirs.
  • Analysis: Reservoir engineers examine the forces at play within the rock-fluid system to establish effective drainage patterns.
  • Forecasting: Based on their extensive studies and analysis, they predict the future performance of oil and gas reservoirs.
  • Problem-Solving: Reservoir engineers apply their analytical skills to tackle challenges associated with the extraction of oil and gas from reservoirs.

Salary In India 

Reservoir Engineer salary in India ranges between ₹3.6 Lakhs to ₹35.0 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹16.8 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 65 latest salaries received from Reservoir Engineers.

Petroleum Engineer

Aerial view of a coal mine, showing vast excavation areas, machinery, and coal stockpiles.


Petroleum engineers design and develop processes to extract oil and gas from underground deposits. They are essential as many countries still rely on fossil fuels, ensuring a stable demand for their expertise.

While some petroleum engineers work in offices, others work offshore, requiring them to install, operate, and maintain technical equipment. They also conduct tests, surveys, and analyses. This high-paying job in the energy sector typically requires a bachelor’s degree in engineering and several years of industry experience. Employers seek candidates with strong analytical, leadership, and creative skills.

What Do Petroleum Engineers Do?

  • Resource Evaluation: Petroleum engineers assess the amount of oil and gas in underground reservoirs to determine the feasibility of extraction.
  • Drilling Management: They oversee the drilling process, ensuring that it is done safely and efficiently to reach the oil or gas reservoir.
  • Environmental Protection: Petroleum engineers work to minimise the environmental impact of extraction by implementing technologies and practices that reduce pollution and waste.
  • Regulatory Compliance: They ensure that all drilling and extraction activities comply with government regulations and safety standards.
  • Cost Management: Petroleum engineers manage the costs associated with drilling and extraction, aiming to maximise profits for their companies.

Salary In India 

Petroleum Engineer salary in India ranges between ₹0.4 Lakhs to ₹23.6 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹8.6 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 207 latest salaries received from Petroleum Engineers.

Powering Your Future With Mentoria 

It’s essential to prioritise sustainability in today’s society instead of simply discussing it. The energy industry offers countless opportunities to make a positive impact. Whether you’re an engineer, analyst, or simply passionate about the environment, you can shape the future of energy. If you’re enthusiastic about transforming your passion into a fulfilling career, take a look at these top positions in the energy sector. By working in this field, you can contribute to a brighter and more sustainable future.

Considering a career In the energy sector? Discover your path with the Mentoria assessment and receive personalised guidance from our career counsellors. Join Mentoria, India’s trusted platform for career exploration, and let us support you throughout your journey of discovering the perfect career that you’ll truly enjoy.